Interesting And Lesser Known Facts About Linux

– Only 2 per cent of the code, which was originally written by Torvalds, remains in the current Linux kernel.

– Linux is used in government offices in many countries. In India, Linux is also used for educational purposes in Tamil Nadu.

– The top 10 supercomputers in the world use Linux. Linux accounts for 33.8 per cent of the world’s data servers compared to the operating systems from Microsoft, which account for only 7.3 per cent.

– Bullet trains in Japan, the New York Stock Exchange, CERN and the San Francisco traffic control systems run on Linux.

– Some of the biggest technology related companies like Google, Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook etc. use Linux as their primary operating system.

– In 1991, the GNU project that was developed, did not have any kernels or drivers. That is why Torvalds was led towards working on the Linux kernel development.

– Hollywood director, James Cameron had said that hit movie Avataar was the first movie to be shot completely in 3D using free software on Linux-driven machines.

– The first Linux distribution to be offered by an original equipment manufacturer was Ubuntu. This was done by Dell.

– The well known and very popular digital recording system TiVo also uses Linux.

– Google’s Android operating system, which led to a revolution in the mobile phones industry, is known to be based on Linux.

– Linux itself is not an operating system, rather, it is a kernel. GNU Linus is the operating system.

– The original Linux kernel had only 10,239 lines of code, whereas, today the standard version of the kernel has only 10 million lines of code. This is growing at 10 per cent per year and nearly 4,500 lines are added to the code. In addition, about 1,500 lines in the code are altered almost everyday.

– Yggdrasil Computing Inc was the company that started commercial distribution for Linux for the first time. The freeware was launched on CDs by Yggdrasil in 1992.

– An asteroid has been named after Torvalds in order to honour him.

– A study conducted by the European Union showed that redeveloping the most recent Linux kernel would cost about $1.14 billion.

– The Linux mascot is a penguin named Tux. The name of the Penguin is based on the fact that a penguin’s body is coloured like a tuxedo. But, there are also theories that the name comes from the words Torvalds and Unix.

– The Debian operating system was the first GNU/Linux-based system, which was developed.

– Creator Torvalds originally wanted the Linux kernel to be called Freax. This could be a mix of the words free, freak and the letter X, which would indicate the fact that it resembles Unix. His friend, Ari Lemmke, who was the administrator for the FTP server that was hosting the kernel for downloads, called it the kernel of Linux Torvalds.

– The Linux kernel runs on so many operating systems that it is the most widely ported operating system in the world.

Advertisements

Open-source alternative for Coke!

Have you ever had a can of Coke and thought that it would taste better if it was open source? No? Well, some people have and they have created the world’s first “open source” cola. And it’s on version 1.1.3

Anybody can make the drink, modify and improve on it as they see fit, as long as the recipe is made public under the GNU General Public License. However, recipes are not copyrightable, so the legal basis for that premise is untested.

Originally released as a promotional tool to explain open source software, the drink became a success and the company that made it sold 150,000 cans, and the creators became better known for the cola than for the software they were trying to promote!

Source-Wikipedia

Alternatives for Photoshop

By downloading softwares given below you can do everything without spending a penny.

Photoshop has let down many students and low budget designers, who were unable to make investment for the license fee of the software. One cannot deny that Photoshop is having a huge fan following across the globe but there are many alternatives that you can give you everything without spending a single penny.

 By using these tools, you can do ‘almost’ every thing that Adobe’s software can. The only constraint might be the PSD format, the Photoshop file format which is has become more of an industry standard to exchange layered designs. Though few tools like GIMP do provide options to convert your layered file into PSD format but i would suggest you to consider this point before choosing your free Open Source Alternatives.

#1 GIMP

Gimp is by far the most feature rich and popular open source alternative to Adobe’s Photoshop. And it will definitely not let you down. It is a cross-platform software and is supported by a large group of people. However the GIMP team does not officially offer any Windows installation, but is can easily be installed using the Windows installers by Jernej Simon.

GIMP provides a complete suite of tools including paint tools, colour correction, cloning, selection, and enhancement etc.
Price: Free
Platforms: Linux, Mac, Microsoft Windows, FreeBSD, Solaris, AmigaOS 4
#2 Paint.NET

Paint.NET is a free image and photo editing tool for computers. IT runs on Windows. The software features a creative and innovative user interface that supports layering, unlimited undo, special effects etc. Its active and increasing online community can help you with friendly tutorials and plugins.

Price: Free
Platform: Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP

#3 GIMPshop

GIMPshop is popularly known as a software with GIMP’s powers and Photoshop’s look and feel. It is an altered version of the free software GIMP, which intents to make the Photoshop users feel at home. It includes all GIMP’s advantages like the long feature list and customisations, together with a modified the menu to closely match with Photoshop’s. It has also adjusted its terminologies to match with Adobe’s version.

Price: Free
Platforms: Mac, Linux, Microsoft Windows, Solaris
#4 Pixlr Editor


Pixlr is a powerful web-based photo editor which works at a similar layout like Photoshop CS do. It has a good interface and a whole lot of features like layers, filters, magic wand, styling, texting et al. The best part is that you do not even need a signup or installation, just open the website and get started. And because it is web based you can use it on PCs, smartphones, tablets or any other gadget with internet!

Price: Free
Platforms: All (web based)